Even though I grew up eating lots of Indian food—my late parents were huge Indian food fans, especially Malaysian-Indian food—I suck at making Indian food.
I like Indian cuisine, but I could hardly tell the difference between fennel and cumin seeds without a magnifying glass, let alone cooking an authentic dish!
So, when I found Cheeky Chilli, I knew I had to invite Sharmila to guest post an Indian recipe here.
There I was dreading the inevitable demise of yet another weekend when I received an unexpected message. It was Bee of the amazing Rasa Malaysia asking if I’d like to write a guest post for her wonderful blog.
Oh my! Are potatoes my favourite vegetable? (Or something else to which the answer is a more obvious YES!) What an honour! After a quick discussion, we decided my post would be on kababs.
Kababs were the way I first ate any meat as a child. Not because that’s how my mom wanted it, but because up to that point I had steadfastly refused to eat meat.
The smoky flavours and spicy one-bite poppers were what convinced me to try my first chicken tikka. (This was tikka as a kabab, simply unadorned & roasted meat, without any of the gravy that makes it chicken tikka masala), I was hooked from the first bite and have never looked back.
I grew from strength to strength with lamb botis and mutton seekh. A smorgasbord of kababs that then taught me to enjoy meat in other forms.
Kababs originated among the Persians and Arabs and were probably introduced to India during various conquests that are part of India’s history.
They were assimilated with the indigenous aplomb that all foreign influences always are in India and refined to create our own unique take on them. Different regions of India spawned several variations, incorporating spices and techniques to give us the variety we see today.
A kabab in the Indian context could be any of a wide range of bite-size pieces that are mostly eaten as appetisers, wonderful spice-filled precursors to the gastronomical delights to follow. They are sometimes folded in roti wraps to create what we call kathi rolls, but mostly enjoyed on their own.
Then there are the kababs that are a meal in themselves, stuffed and delicious treats that require no accompaniment other than a few squeezes of lemon, some chutney and maybe some slivered onions and/or tomatoes.
These are, I think, the royalty of the kabab kingdom. (Yes, there is a kingdom to which I’m a willing serf. There’s great food to be had in servitude!) There is the coy nargisi Kabab and the cheeky hara-bhara kabab. And then there is the king, the gracious, rich yet gentle monarch, the shammi kabab.
Shammi kababs are made of ground meat, usually mutton or lamb. The origin of the name has various theories, my favourite being one that states that they were called so because they were quick to make for an evening snack, ‘sham’ meaning evening in Hindi. Shammi was also my nickname growing up.
I hated the name but the only consolation of carrying it around was the fact that my favourite kabab was called the same. In a unusual twist, the ground meat is mixed with Bengal gram or chana dal, (a lentil that is almost chickpea-like but much smaller and split) which gives it a subtle earthiness and a melting texture.
The mixture is elevated with warmth of spices like cinnamon, cardamom and cloves, stuffed with onion and coriander, rolled into thickish patties, dipped in egg and fried in ghee (clarified butter) to create a meal that is exquisite, both on your dish and to your palette.
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Lamb Shammi Kababs Recipe
Lamb Kabab Recipe (Shammi Kabab): The mixture is elevated with warmth of spices like cinnamon, cardamom and cloves, stuffed with onion and coriander, rolled into thickish patties, dipped in egg and fried in ghee (clarified butter) to create a meal that is exquisite, both on your dish and to your palette.
Ingredients for kababs:
- 1 pound Lamb, ground/minced
- 1/4 cup Bengal gram, chana dal
- Red Onion - half a medium sized one, diced small
- 1 inch piece Ginger, chopped fine
- 9-10 cloves Garlic, chopped fine
- Fresh mint leaves - a scant handful of leaves, chopped fine
- Fresh coriander leaves - a scant handful torn from a bunch, chopped fine
- Lemon juice - of 1/2 a lemon
- 1 Egg, beaten
- Ghee, clarified butter to shallow fry
- 1 tablespoon Canola oil -
- Salt to taste
Spices for kababs:
- 2 Green cardamoms, little black seeds shelled from their outer green pods
- 1 stick Cinnamon
- 3 Cloves
- 1 teaspoon Red chilli powder, this is pure chilli powder made from grinding dry chillies
- 1 teaspoon Garam masala
- 5-6 Black peppercorns
- 1/2 teaspoon Coriander powder
- 1/2 teaspoon Cumin powder
Green Chutney Recipe
- 1 bunch Mint
- 1 bunch Cilantro/ coriander
- 1 Red onion, medium sized, quartered
- 1 Lime juiced
- 2 Serrano or Thai chillies
- 1 tablespoon Butter
- 1/2 teaspoon Honey
- Water to attain a thickish sauce like consistency
- Salt to taste
- Wash the chana dal and soak it for half an hour.
- In a skillet, heat 1 tbsp of canola oil and add the soaked chana dal to the minced/ground meat, along with the cardamoms, cinnamon, cloves. Add about a cup of warm water, season with salt. Cook on medium heat till all the water evaporates.
- Take the pan off the heat, then add the ginger, garlic, red chilli powder, garam masala, peppercorns and coriander and cumin powder.
- Put the mixture into a food processor and grind it to a fine paste to incorporate the additions through.
- Prepare the stuffing by mixing together the onion, mint and coriander leaves and lemon juice. Season with salt.
- In a bowl, beat the egg with a pinch of salt.
- To make the kababs, take a palm-sized portion of ground meat in your hand. Roll into a ball then slightly flatten it. Press slightly down in the center to create a small depression. Fill with about a teaspoon of onion mixture and smooth the ground meat over to cover the stuffed mixture. Repeat the procedure to make the other kababs until all of the meat is used up.
- Heat the ghee in a pan. Pat to flatten the top of the kababs, then dip each into the beaten egg and place into the ghee to shallow fry. Fry till golden then turn over to do the same to the other side. Remove and place on paper towels to drain.
Squeeze some lemon over the kababs and serve along with the green chutney and slivered onions/cucumbers/tomatoes.
To make the green chutney:
Grind all ingredients together in the food processor, adding just enough water to make a pesto-like sauce.
To serve alongside:
Some slivered red onion, diced cucumber, discs of tomato and wedges or discs of lemon or lime.
The kababs look quite similar to large meatballs (which they sort of are) but they have a very different bite to them. The procedure of forming the kababs can be seen in the photographs. The onion mixture melds into the kabab to impart its flavours to the whole. You can cover the pan with the meat mixture for five minutes before you uncover it to allow the liquids to evaporate. The whole spices get ground in together with the meat to integrally spice it through.
You can use canola oil or unsalted butter to fry the kababs if you don’t have clarified butter. The ghee will, however, add to the singular flavour of this kabab. You can find ghee, Bengal gram and garam masala at your local Indian store. Adding some butter to the chutney gives it a smoothness and also helps preserve it. It will stay a good week in your refrigerator and can be used to accompany a whole host of things. Some may also like ketchup alongside the kababs. Non-traditional, but works quite well.
You may end up with slightly more of the onion mixture with these quantities depending on the size of your kababs. We took thick sourdough slices, applied a dollop of chutney to one slice, mayo to the other, placed a kabab in between with some of the leftover onion stuffing on top and made awesome sandwiches out of the leftover kababs the next day.